Elephant is considered as an inevitable part of Indian community. So they developed the study of Elephant which is based on Hastyayurveda and Matangalila. Even from the ancient time Indians were awareness about their hygiene and health. They were protected against diseases. They protected not just their own race but also plants and animals. Most of the Gajashastras accept five methods, of capturing wild elephants.
This job was carried out at the end of the rainy season. In Matangalila, Nilakantha also mentions the five operations for capturing elephants as follows:—. Varikarma vashavilobhanavidhibhyam canugatya tadai-Vapatena tato'vapadattaa iti-hebhagrah pancadha nindyaste tu yatchottaram kila gaja nashyanti yasmattato varjyavantyabhavavubhavapi visheshadetayoshcantimah .
Varikarama, Vashshavilobhana, Anugati, Apata and Avapata are the five method of capturing elephants. The word kheddha means slope definition. In this method, binding the elephants with rather gentle though firm bonds around the girth, at the neck, end at the hind parts, and also bind the iron foot bonds upon them on the two feet. They fastened very long and stout ropes infront, leading them constantly forward by the first class elephant groups.
He shall cause them slowly to proceed after loosening the fetter behind. The best time to conduct kheddha Varikarama is in winter, more specially the period January-February when the forest is free from too much moisture and has enough water. InG. This method is adopted in modern times .Gallbladder Stone Surgery - laparoscopic cholecystectomy
Taking five or six elephants and covering their backs with leather, elephant tenders shall hide under these skins armed with ropes etc. This type of catching is known as Vashavilobhana or cow seduction. The third type of catching is named anugata with the help of kettle drums sounds musical instruments, drums etc. This method is known as anugati in Sanskrit and pursuit in English. Only, elephant kids are caught by this method.
Placing three on stalks of lotuses, bamboo, plantain trees, white sugar can etc. This kind of catching is known as assault or apata. In this method, making a four hastas six feet deep hole, two hastas broad; and five hastas long concealed with bamboo shoots and grass mats, covering it over with earth, and bestrewing it with food on the surface.
According to Nilakantha the last two methods and specially the fifth are objectionable and not to be recommended because they are very dangerous to the elephants. Narayanadikshita in his Gajagrahanaprakara enumerates ten methods in contrast to the five. Among them the first two methods are Vrittibandha, and Vrikshabhanda. These are differentiated by the fact that the former gives simple method of catching while the latter gives comparatively complex method.
The capture in both is effected mainly by the fortitude and dexterity of the men engaged in the game. Rajju - banda is the third capturing method, fourth Vari -bhandha, Anugata- bandha ; Laghu -bandha, Codana-bandha, Vana -bandha and Pancalika -bandha are respectively.
Anugata-bandha and the ninth Vana-bandha are particularly the same.
The eight Candana -bandha is similar to the method khedda. Arakkal Hassankutty states that December to April is the period for catching elephants. He further adds that the fallen elephants should be rescued before 24 hours; otherwise it may die.We humans are like a lamp that has five lampshades over our light.
Each of the lampshades is a different color and density. As the light shines through the lampshades, it is progressively changed in color and nature. It is a bitter-sweet coloring. On the one hand, the shades provide the individualized beauty of each lamp. Yet, the lampshades also obscure the pure light. The Yoga path of Self-realization is one of progressively moving inward, through each of those lampshades, so as to experience the purity at the eternal center of consciousness, while at the same time allowing that purity to animate through our individuality.
These five levels are called koshaswhich literally means sheaths. Kosha means sheathlike the lampshades covering the light, or like the series of wooden dolls pictured below.
Maya means appearanceas if something appears to be one way, but is really another. Advaita Vedanta suggests that you imagine a dark night in which you think you see a man, only to find that it was an old fence post that was hard to see at first; that is maya.
Here, it means that each of the sheaths or koshas is only an appearance. In truth, all of the levels, layers, koshas, or sheaths of our reality is only appearanceor maya while also very real in the sense of dealing with the external worldand that underneath all of those appearances, we are pure, divine, eternal consciousness, or whatever name you prefer to call it.
This is one of the fundamental principles of Advaita Vedanta meditation.
While some view maya as meaning that nothing is real, and turn this into a cold-hearted intellectual practice, others view the illusion of maya as being shaktithe creative force of the universe.
In this way, the maya of the koshas is experienced both as unreal and, at the same time, as the beautiful manifestations of the universal oneness.
Physical - Annamaya kosha. Anna means food. All of the physical aspects of life come and go, and are consumed by another aspect of external reality. Thus, the outermost of the koshas is called the sheath of food, or Annamaya kosha. In Vedanta practice, we train this aspect of ourselves, take care of it, nurture it, so that we can both enjoy our external lives and go inward without it being an obstacle during meditation time.
In meditation, we become aware of Annamaya kosha, explore it, and then go inward, to and through the other koshas. Energy - Pranamaya kosha. The next of the koshas is Pranamaya kosha. Prana means energy.As the Navratri season kicks in, choreographer of traditional garba Bina Mehta organised a gala event titled 'Garba Event of Festival of Joy Read More. Ladies arrived in their traditional best at the event.
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French ambassador Emmanuel Lenain hosts a reception for designer Rahul Mishra. Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan: Promotions. Thappad: Press conference.From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. Garba kosha translation to english. Garba kosha. Swasha kosha. Garba khosha. Pitha kosha. Garbage kosha. More context All My memories Ask Google. Add a translation. English garba kosha. Kannada garba kosha translation to english.
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Chapter 6 - Capturing of Elephants
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In the early modern period, the Garbahare area was ruled by the Geledi Sultanate. The kingdom was eventually incorporated into Italian Somaliland protectorate in after the death of its last Sultan Osman Ahmed in During much of the s, the city of Garbahare was the seat of the Somali National Front militia in the early days of the civil war. Facing pressure from the local population, the militia left. By earlyGarbahare came under the control of the Transitional National Government.
Neighboring regions such as NFD welcomed the new leadership, as a safer Gedo is also good for the neighboring regions in Kenya and Ethiopia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.
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Cassanelli, The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people,University of Pennsylvania Press:p. University Microfilms International. Categories : Populated places in Gedo. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles that may contain original research from October All articles that may contain original research Articles with short description Articles containing Arabic-language text Commons category link is on Wikidata Coordinates on Wikidata.